Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-2021-14
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-2021-14

  09 Jun 2021

09 Jun 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal GI.

Research on Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor Group for Three Dimensional In-situ Stress Measurement

Yimin Liu1,2, Zhengyang Hou3, Hao Zhou3, and Peng Wang1 Yimin Liu et al.
  • 1School of Mechnical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin, 300384, China
  • 2National Institute of Natural Hazards, MEMC, Beijing,100085, China
  • 3State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China

Abstract. The observation and estimation of deep crustal stress state is a key and difficult problem in in-situ stress measurement. The borehole wall strain gauge based on the overcoring stress relieving method is one of the main methods of in-situ stress measurement. In this paper, a strain sensing array based on FBG is designed by using the main structure of the classical hollow inclusion cell, and its layout scheme on the hollow inclusion is studied. According to the layout scheme, the in-situ stress inversion algorithm of hole-wall strain to stress is deduced; then, the triaxial loading and unloading experiment platform is built, and the calibration experiment of FBG strain sensor is designed; Finally, Abaqus finite element software is used to simulate the in-situ stress measurement process of the overcoring stress relieving. The FBG strain values of each measurement direction before and after the overcoring process are extracted, and the stress inversion equation is used to carry out the stress inversion. Through the comparison of the inversion results, it is proved that the FBG strain sensor group is feasible and reliable. The quasi-distributed FBG sensor module designed in this paper can invert the three-dimensional in-situ stress by measuring the hole-wall strain, which lays a theoretical and experimental foundation for the development and application of FBG hole wall strain gauge. It fairly makes up for the deficiency of the existing hole-wall strain gauge based on resistance strain gauge, provides direct and accurate observation way for hole wall strain measurement, and has important practical value for the development of in-situ stress measurement technology.

Yimin Liu et al.

Status: open (until 15 Jul 2021)

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Short summary
We use the technical methods of instrument development, calibration experiments and numerical simulation to develop a new type of in-situ stress sensor group using fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensing technology, which can calculate the in-situ stress state of surrounding rock mass by sensing the borehole wall strain. This sensor group lays an important theoretical and experimental foundation for the development and application of FBG hole-wall strain gauge.