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Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-2020-22
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-2020-22
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  21 Aug 2020

21 Aug 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal GI.

Evaluation of the capacities of a field absolute quantum gravimeter (AQG#B01)

Anne-Karin Cooke, Cédric Champollion, and Nicolas Le Moigne Anne-Karin Cooke et al.
  • Géosciences Montpellier, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS, Univ. des Antilles, Montpellier, France

Abstract. Quantum gravimeters are a promising new development allowing for continuous, high-frequency absolute gravity monitoring while remaining user-friendly and transportable. In this study, we present experiments carried out to assess the capacity of the AQG#B01 in view of future deployment as a field gravimeter for hydro-geophysical applications. The AQG#B01 is the field version follow-up of the AQG#A01 portable absolute quantum gravimeter developed by MuQuans. We assess the instrument's performance in terms of stability (absence of instrumental drift), sensitivity in relation to other gravimeters, and hydrogeological mass changes. We discuss the observations concerning the accuracy of the AQG#B01 in comparison with a state-of-the-art absolute gravimeter (Micro-g-LaCoste, FG5#228). Repeatability is tested by instrument displacement between close-by measurement positions. We report the repeatability to be better than 50 nm s−2. No significant instrumental drift was observed over several weeks of measurement. This study furthermore investigates whether changes of instrument tilt and external temperature and combination of both, which are likely to occur during field campaigns, influence the measurement of gravitational attraction. We repeatedly tested external temperatures between 20 and 30 °C and did not find any significant effect. As an example of a geophysical signal, a 100 nm s−2 gravity change is detected with the AQG#B01 after a rainfall event at the Larzac geodetic observatory (Southern France). The data agreed with the gravity changes measured with a superconducting relative gravimeter (GWR, iGrav#002) and the expected gravity change simulated as an infinite Bouguer slab approximation. We close with operational recommendations for potential users and discuss specific possible future field applications. While not claiming completeness, we nevertheless present the first characterisation of a quantum gravimeter carried out by future users. Crucial criteria for the assessment of its suitability in field applications have been investigated and are complemented with a discussion of further necessary experiments.

Anne-Karin Cooke et al.

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Anne-Karin Cooke et al.

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Evaluation of the capacities of a field absolute quantum gravimeter (AQG#B01) Anne-Karin Cooke, Cédric Champollion, and Nicolas Le Moigne https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3978318

Anne-Karin Cooke et al.

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Latest update: 17 Sep 2020
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Short summary
Gravimetry studies the variations of the Earth’s gravity field which can be linked to mass changes studied in various disciplines of the Earth sciences. The gravitational attraction of the Earth is measured with gravimeters. Quantum gravimeters allow for continuous, high-frequency absolute gravity monitoring while remaining user-friendly and transportable. We assess the capacity of the AQG#B01, developed by Muquans, as a field gravimeter for hydro-geophysical applications.
Gravimetry studies the variations of the Earth’s gravity field which can be linked to mass...
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