Atmospheric muons: experimental aspects
- 1INFN, sezione di Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40100 Bologna, Italy
- 2Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Università di Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40100 Bologna, Italy
Abstract. We present a review of atmospheric muon flux and energy spectrum measurements over almost six decades of muon momentum. Sea level and underground/water/ice experiments are considered. Possible sources of systematic errors in the measurements are examined. The characteristics of underground/water muons (muons in bundle, lateral distribution, energy spectrum) are discussed. The connection between the atmospheric muon and neutrino measurements are also reported.