Articles | Volume 9, issue 2
Research article
04 Sep 2020
Research article |  | 04 Sep 2020

Muography as a new tool to study the historic earthquakes recorded in ancient burial mounds

Hiroyuki K. M. Tanaka, Kenji Sumiya, and László Oláh

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Cited articles

Carbone, D., Gibert, D., Marteau, J., Diament, M., Zuccarello, L., and Galichet, E.: An experiment of muon radiography at Mt. Etna (Italy), Geophys. J. Int., 196, 633–643, 2014. 
Daly, P., Sieh, K., Yew Seng, T., McKinnon, E. E., Parnell, A. C., Ardiansyah, R., Feener, M., Ismail, N., Nizamuddin, and Majewski, J.: Archaeological evidence that a late 14th-century tsunami devastated the coast of northern Sumatra and redirected history, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 116, 11679–11686, 2019. 
Short summary
Bidirectional muographic measurements were taken at an ancient burial mound built in the beginning of the 6th century which later collapsed after a landslide caused by the 1596 Fushimi earthquake, one of the largest earthquakes over the last few centuries in Japan. The result indicated large-scale vertical cracks at the top of the mound which caused its collapse, and thus an intrinsic problem was suggested about the stability of the basic foundation of the mound before this earthquake.